Access to Housing Assistance for People with Disabilities

This new indicator measures access to this assistance specifically for low-income adults with disabilities. Nationally, just 16 percent of this group—who are likely to be eligible for housing assistance—actually receive assistance. Each state has less than half of its low-income adult population with a disability receiving housing assistance. the District of Columbia. had the best performance with 43 percent of this group receiving assistance. In six states, by contrast, fewer than ten percent of this group receives assistance: Florida, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Utah, and West Virginia.

For this indicator, race and ethnicity data were available, but not used as part of the scoring calculation for state performance. Because within-state differences do not necessarily correlate to differences in LTSS system performance, this indicator was scored for the total population (all races/ethnicities) only.

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Best State Performance
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* This indicator is scored for the total population (all races/ethnicities) only.  Within-state differences in the metric value do not necessarily correspond to differences in LTSS system performance.
†† Due to small sample size of one or more racial/ethnic groups, this indicator could not be calculated.  An imputed value was used for scoring, but is not displayed or ranked.


The percentage of low-income people with disabilities who are eligible for public housing assistance who receive public housing assistance. An individual is defined as low-income if their household income is at or below their state's average 80% area median income (AMI) limit (as defined by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development in years 2020-2022). People with disabilities are defined as those who may have difficulty with activities of daily living or were not working for all or part of the year due to a disability or illness (as defined by the CPS). Individuals receiving housing assistance are defined as those who are 1) paying lower rent because a government entity is paying part of the cost or 2) living in public housing owned by a public agency (as defined by the CPS).

The Urban Institute provided these data to the AARP Public Policy Institute.

Race/ethnicity data are available for state review but not included in the scoring calculation for this measure.
Urban Institute analysis of Current Population Survey (CPS) data (2020 to 2022).


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